Gandhi & Other Key Figures Mohandas Karamchand (Mahatma) Gandhi (1869-1948) The foremost political and spiritual leader of India's struggle for independence and the outstanding theoretician of the practice of nonviolence and civil disobedience. GandhiServe Foundation, Mahatma Gandhi Research and Media Service. Includes: “Mahatma: Life of Gandhi 1869-1948.” Script, commentary and direction by Vithalbhai Jhaveri. Produced by The Gandhi National Memorial Fund in cooperation with the Films Division of the Government of India in 1968 Gandhi Foundation: Many resources on Gandhi's life and work. "Our most important aim is to explain and demonstrate the continuing relevance of Gandhi’s insights and actions today." Bombay Sarvodaya Mandal: Comprehensive site on Gandhi, peace, nonviolence, and conflict resolution. Includes: large collection of on-line books by and about Gandhi “Gandhi” (Film directed by Richard Attenborough, 1982) “Satyagraha” (Opera by Philip Glass) Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) An American writer famous for his essay Civil Disobedience, a transcendentalist philosopher, and a fervent opponent of slavery. The Thoreau Reader, the annotated works of Henry David Thoreau, in cooperation with the Thoreau Society The Writings of Henry D. Thoreau, University of California at Santa Barbara B. R. Ambedkar (1891-1956) An Indian Buddhist activist and Dalit ("Untouchable") leader who led the struggle against the Indian caste system. Dr. Babasaheb and his people Columbia University site has material on Ambedkar, including his important work "The Annihilation of Caste." Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968) A key leader of the U.S. Civil Rights Movement, who championed civil disobedience as a mean to achieve justice. He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott, was one of the founders of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech at the 1963 March on Washington, receive the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. In 1968, he spoke out against the Vietnam war and was supporting poor African-American garbage workers when he was assassinated. Martin Luther King Research and Education Institute, Stanford University César Estrada Chávez (1927-1993) A Mexican American labor leader and civil rights activist who, with Dolores Huerta, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers. César E. Chávez Foundation. Dolores Huerta (1930--) A labor leader who, with César Chávez, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers. She is an Honorary Chair of Democratic Socialists of America. Dolores Huerta Foundation.