(from CDC http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/faqs.htm#howAlcoholAffect )
What is alcohol?
“Ethyl alcohol, or ethanol, is an intoxicating ingredient found in beer, wine, and liquor. Alcohol is produced by the fermentation of yeast, sugars, and starches” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012).
How does alcohol affect a person?
“Alcohol affects every organ in the body. It is a central nervous system depressant that is rapidly absorbed from the stomach and small intestine into the bloodstream. Alcohol is metabolized in the liver by enzymes; however, the liver can only metabolize a small amount of alcohol at a time, leaving the excess alcohol to circulate throughout the body. The intensity of the effect of alcohol on the body is directly related to the amount consumed” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012).
Why do some people react differently to alcohol than others?
What is a standard drink in the United States?
Is beer or wine safer to drink than liquor?
What does moderate drinking mean?
Is it safe to drink alcohol and drive?
What does it mean to be above the legal limit for drinking?
How do I know if it’s okay to drink?
What do you mean by heavy drinking?
What is binge drinking?
What is the difference between alcoholism and alcohol abuse?
What does it mean to get drunk?
How do I know if I have a drinking problem?
What can I do if I or someone I know has a drinking problem?
What health problems are associated with excessive alcohol use?
I’m young. Is drinking bad for my health?
Is it okay to drink when pregnant?
(National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2013)
What is drug addiction?
What are the physical signs of abuse or addiction?
What drugs are commonly abused?
How quickly can I become addicted to a drug?
How do I know if someone is addicted to drugs?
If a pregnant woman abuses drugs, does it affect the fetus?
Are there effective treatments for drug addiction?
Where can I find information about drug treatment programs?
What is detoxification, or "detox"?
What is withdrawal? How long does it last?
How can I receive educational materials regarding drug abuse?
Additional Resources for Parents
Additional Resources for Youth
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, November 7). Frequently asked questions. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/faqs.htm
1. U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. In: Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010. Chapter 3 – Foods and Food Components to Reduce [PDF-967KB]. 7th Edition, Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office; 2010, p. 30–32.
2. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Available at http://www.nhtsa.html.gov/ .
3. National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. NIAAA council approves definition of binge drinking [PDF-1.6MB]. NIAAA Newsletter 2004;3:3.
4. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), published by the American Psychiatric Association, Washington D.C., 1994.
5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fas/default.htm.
6. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Substance Abuse Treatment Facility Locator. Available at http://www.samhsa.gov/treatment/treatment_public_i.aspx .
7. Bonnie RJ and O’Connell ME, editors. National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. Reducing Underage Drinking: A Collective Responsibility . Committee on Developing a Strategy to Reduce and Prevent Underage Drinking. Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2004.
8. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Surgeon General's Call to Action to Prevent and Reduce Underage Drinking . Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: 2007.
9. Hingson RW, Heeren T, Jamanka A, Howland J. Age of onset and unintentional injury involvement after drinking . JAMA 2000;284(12):1527–1533.
10. Hingson RW, Heeren T, Winter M, Wechsler H. Magnitude of alcohol-related mortality and morbidity among U.S. college students ages 18–24: Changes from 1998 to 2001 . Annu Rev Public Health 2005;26:259–79.
11. Levy DT, Mallonee S, Miller TR, Smith GS, Spicer RS, Romano EO, Fisher DA. Alcohol involvement in burn, submersion, spinal cord, and brain injuries . Medical Science Monitor 2004;10(1):CR17–24.
12. Office of Applied Studies. The NSDUH Report: Alcohol Dependence or Abuse and Age at First Use . Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; 2004.
13. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. A Comprehensive Plan for Preventing and Reducing Underage Drinking [PDF-513KB]. Washington, DC; 2006.
14. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Alcohol-Related Disease Impact (ARDI). Atlanta, GA: CDC.
15. Miller JW, Naimi TS, Brewer RD, Jones SE. Binge drinking and associated health risk behaviors among high school students . Pediatrics 2007;119:76–85.
16. Department of Health and Human Services. U.S. Surgeon General Releases Advisory on Alcohol Use in Pregnancy; urges women who are pregnant or who may become pregnant to abstain from alcohol . Washington, DC; 2005.
National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2013, June). Frequently asked questions. Retrieved from http://www.drugabuse.gov/faqs