Mick Griffiths

TM_ScienceProfessors_10_26_17-6918.jpg

Office:   Science East 4031/Science West 304
Phone:   973-720-2695 2695
Email:griffithsm@wpunj.edu
Office Hours:  

Department: Environmental Science
Position: Associate Professor (Chairperson)
Area Specialization: Isotope geochemistry, palaeoclimatology

Education and Appointments:

2010-2012 - NOAA/UCAR Climate and Global Change Postdoctoral Fellow, UC Irvine

2010 - PhD, University of Newcastle, Australia

2006 - MSc, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

2004 - BSc, University of Wollongong, Australia


Research Interests:

My research interests are primarily focused on the use of geochemical tracers preserved in sedimentary carbonate and phosphate deposits ("proxies")--including cave stalagmites, fossil teeth, and lake sediments--to reconstruct past environmental/climate and landscape evolution. Specifically, my research is centered around building records of past environmental change over numerous time scales, ranging from the last millennium to the last ~100 million years, using various isotope systems and elemental tracers encoded in these natural archives. I also work with atmosphere-ocean general circulation models (GCMs) and proxy system models (PSMs) to elucidate the mechanisms for the changes observed in the proxies. 

Griffiths' Google ScholarResearchgate


Press:


Publications

  • Wang, J.K., Johnson, K.R., Griffiths, M.L., Borsato, A., Frisia, S., Henderson, G.M. Hydroclimate variability in Southeast Asia over the past two millennia. Under review.
  • Lu, J., Y, Huan, Griffiths, M.L., Zhuang, G., Xiao, G., Yang, J., Xie, S. Hydroclimate ‘dipole’ pattern across Northern China during the onset of Pliocene cooling. Under review.
  • Tang, Changyan, Yang, H., Pancost, R.D., Griffiths, M.L., Xiao, G., Dang, X., Xie, S., 2017. Tropical and high latitude forcing of enhanced megadroughts in Northern China during the last four terminations. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 479, 98-107.
  • Smerdon, J.E., Luterbacher, J., Phipps, S.J., Anchukaitis, K.J., Ault, T., Coats, S., Cobb, K.M., Cook, B.I., Colose, C., Felis, T., Gallant, A., Jungclaus, J.H., Konecky, B., LeGrande, A., Lewis, S., Lopatka, A.S., Man, W., Mankin, J.S., Maxwell, J.T., Otto-Bliesner, B.L., Partin, J.W., Singh, D., Steiger, N.J., Stevenson, S., Tierney, J.E., Zanchettin, D., Zhang, H., Atwood, A.R., Andreu-Hayles, L., Baek, S.H., Buckley, B., Cook, E.R., D'Arrigo, R., Dee, S.G., Griffiths, M., Kulkarni, C., Kushnir, Y., Lehner, F., Leland, C., Linderholm, H.W., Okazaki, A., Palmer, J., Piovano, E., Raible, C.C., Rao, M.P., Scheff, J., Schmidt, G.A., Seager, R., Widmann, M., Williams, A.P., Xoplaki, E., 2017. Comparing proxy and model estimates of hydroclimate variability and change over the Common Era. Climate of the Past 13.12, 1851-1900.
  • Zhang, H.-B., Griffiths, M.L., Xie, S.-C., Huang, J.-H., Cai, Y.-J., Wang, C.F., Zhang, F., Cheng, H., Ning, Y.-F., Hu, C.-H., 2016. Antarctic link with East Asian Summer monsoon variability during the Heinrich Stadial-Bølling interstadial transition. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 453, 243-251.
  • Yang, H.Y., Johnson, K.R., Griffiths, M.L., Yoshimura, K., 2016. Interannual controls on oxygen isotopes of precipitation in the Asian Monsoon region. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 10.1002/2015JD024683.
  • Griffiths, M.L., Kimbrough, A.K., Gagan, M.K., Drysdale, R.N., Cole, J., Johnson, K., Zhao, J.-x., Cook, B., Hellstrom, J.C., Hantoro, W.S., 2016. Western Pacific hydroclimate linked to global climate variability over the past two millennia. Nature Communications, 7:11719, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms11719.
  • Ayliffe, L.K., Gagan, M.K., Zhao, J.-x., Drysdale, R.N., Hellstrom, J.C., Hantoro, W.S., Griffiths, M.L., Scott-Gagan, H., St. Pierre, E., Cowley, J.A., Suwargadi, B.W., 2013. Rapid interhemispheric climate links via the Australasian monsoon during the last deglaciation. Nature Communications 4:2908 doi: 10.1038/ncomms3908. 
  • Griffiths, M.L., Drysdale, R.N., Gagan, M.K., Hellstrom, J.C., Couchoud, I., Vonhof, H.B., Ayliffe, L.K., Hantoro, W.S., 2013. Australasian monsoon response to Dansgaard-Oeschger event 21 and teleconnections to higher latitudes. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 369-370, 294-304. [Link]
  • Reeves, J.M., Barrows, T.T., Cohen, T.J., Kiem, A.S., Bostok, H.C., Fitzsimmons, K.E., Jansen, J.D., Kemp, Krause, C., Petherick, L., Phipps, S.J., OZ-INTIMATE Members, 2013.     Climate variability over the last 35,000 years recorded in marine and terrestrial archives in the Australian region: an OZ-INTIMATE compilation. Quaternary Science Reviews 74, 21-34. [Link]
  • Reeves, J.M., Bostock, H.C., Ayliffe, L.K., Barrows, T.T., , De Decker, P, Devreindt, L., Dunbar, G.B., Drysdale, R.N., Fitzsimmons, K., Gaga, M.K., Griffiths, M.L., Haberle, S.G., Jansen, J.D., Krause, C., Lewis, S., McGregor, H.V., Mooney, S.D., Moss, P., Nanson, G.C., Purcell, A., van der Kaars, S., 2013. Palaeoenvironmental change in tropical Australasia over the last 30,000 years – a synthesis by the OZ-INTIMATE group. Quaternary Science Reviews 74, 97-114. [Link] 
  • Griffiths, M.L., Drysdale, R.N., Gagan, M.K., Zhao, J.-x., Hellstrom, J.C., Ayliffe, L.K., Hantoro, W.S., Suwargadi, B.W., 2013. Abrupt increase in east Indonesian rainfall from flooding of the Sunda Shelf ~9,500 years ago. Quaternary Science Reviews 74, 273-279. [Link]
  • Griffiths, M.L., Drysdale, R.N., Hua, Q., Fohlmeister, J., Johnson, K., Hellstrom, J.C., Gagan, M.K., Zhao, J.-x., 2012. Hydrological control of the dead carbon fraction in a tropical Holocene speleothem. Quaternary Geochronology 14, 81-93. [Link]
  • Griffiths, M.L., Drysdale, R. N., Vonhof, H.B., Gagan, M.K., Zhao, J-x., Ayliffe, L.K., Hantoro, W.S., Hellstrom, J.C., Cartwright, I., Frisia, S., Suwargadi, B.W., 2010. Younger Dryas-Holocene temperature and rainfall history of southern Indonesia from δ18O in speleothem calcite and fluid inclusions. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 295, 30-36. [Link]
  • Griffiths, M.L., Drysdale, R.N., Gagan, M.K., Ayliffe, L.K., Frisia, S., Zhao, J.-x., Hellstrom, J.C., Fischer, M.J., Hantoro, W.S., Feng, Y.-x., Suwargadi, B.W., 2010. Evidence for Holocene changes in Australian-Indonesian monsoon rainfall from stalagmite trace element and stable isotope ratios. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 292, 27-38. [Link]
  • Griffiths, M.L., Drysdale, R.N., Gagan, M.K., Zhao, J.-x., Ayliffe, L.K., Hellstrom, J.C., Hantoro, W.S., Frisia, S., Feng, Y.-x., Cartwright, I., St. Pierre, E., Fischer, M.J., Suwargadi, B.W., 2009. Increasing Australian-Indonesian monsoon rainfall linked to early Holocene sea-level rise. Nature Geoscience 2, 636-639. [Link] [Backstory]
  • Griffiths, M.L., and Bradley, R.S., 2007. Variations of Twentieth Century Temperature and Precipitation Extreme Indicators in the Northeast United States. Journal of Climate 20, 5401-5417. [Link]

Grants (funded and pending)

  • Antarctic volcanism as a new player in forcing global climate change [CI: S.Frisia, CI: J.Hellstrom, PI: M.L. Griffiths] Australian Research Council (ARC), $614,469. Pending.

  • Indochina Climate Variability and Biodiversity [PI: T. Luu, co-PI: M.L. Griffiths] USAID Partnerships for Enhanced Engagement in Research (PEER), $175,000. Pending.
  • Dry or Wet in East Asia During Heinrich Events? New Perspectives from Multiproxy Cave Records and Coupled Model Simulations [PI:M. L. Griffiths]. William Paterson University Center for Research, $4,960. 06/01/18 – 08/01/18. Pending.
  • Collaborative Research: Biogeochemical fingerprinting of the megatoothed (’megalodon’) shark: a dual study in thermophysiological evolution and seawater chemistry [PI: M.L. Griffiths; co-PIs: M. Becker (WPU), Sora Kim (UC Merced), R. Eagle (UCLA), K. Shimada (DePaul University)] National Science Foundation, Sedimentary Geology and Paleobiology (SGP) EAR-7858820, $505,414. Pending.
  • Dry or Wet in East Asia During Heinrich Events? New Perspectives from Multiproxy Cave Records and Coupled Model Simulations [PI: M.L. Griffiths] National Science Foundation, Paleo Perspectives on Climate Change (P2C2), AGS-GEO/ATM-1805544, $298,939. Pending
  • Collaborative: Calibrating South East Asian Proxies: Speleothems and Tree-Rings [PI: M. L. Griffiths; co-PIs: N. Davi (WPU), K. Johnson (UCI), B. Buckley (LDEO)]. National Science Foundation, Paleo Perspectives on Climate Change (P2C2), AGS-GEO/ATM-1602947, $830,588. 09/01/17 – 08/31/20.
  • Caves of the Khammouane District, Central Laos: Archives of Past Tropical Climate Change [PI: M.L. Griffiths]. William Paterson University Center for Research, $4,960. 06/01/17 – 08/01/17.
  • Characterizing Australasian monsoon-ITCZ dynamics over the past two millennia using speleothems from Laos and Indonesia [PI: M.L. Griffiths]. William Paterson University Center for Research, $4,960. 06/01/16 – 08/01/16.
  • Student-Led Development of Earth Science Interpretive and Curriculum Materials for The Paterson Great Falls National Historic Park [PI: N. Davi; co-PI: M.L. Griffiths]. Landsberger Foundation, Environmental Science Community Internship Program, $15,564. 09/01/2015 – 08/30/2017.
  • Late Phanerozoic Evolution of Seawater Temperature and Sr/Ca: New Insights from “Clumped Isotope” Thermometry in Biogenic Apatite [PI: M.L. Griffiths]. American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund Undergraduate New Investigator Grant, PRF–#54852-UNI2, $55,000. 01/01/15 – 01/01/17.
  • Clumped isotope thermometry in biogenic phosphate; can this tool be used to constrain past seawater chemistry? [PI: M.L. Griffiths]. William Paterson University Center for Research, $4,960. 06/01/15 – 08/01/15.
  • Student-Led Development of Earth Science Interpretive and Curriculum Materials for The Paterson Great Falls National Historic Park [PI: N. Davi; co-PI: M.L. Griffiths]. Landsberger Foundation, Environmental Science Community Internship Program, $14,000. 09/01/2014 – 08/30/2015.
  • Collaborative Research: Reconstructing deglacial and Holocene climate variability in South East Asia using speleothems and isotope-enabled model simulations [PI: K.R. Johnson; co-PI: M.L. Griffiths]. National Science Foundation, Paleo Perspectives on Climate Change (P2C2), AGS-GEO/ATM-1404932, $504,413. 07/01/14 – 06/30/17.
  • Reconstructing deglacial and Holocene climate variability in South East Asia using speleothems and isotope-enabled model simulations [PI: M.L. Griffiths]. William Paterson University Center for Research, $4,960. 06/01/14 – 08/01/14.
  • Windows to past climate change: reconstructing hydrologic variability in tropical Australasia over the last 2,000 years using speleothems and isotope-enabled model simulations [PI: M.L. Griffiths]. William Paterson University Center for Research, $4,490. 06/01/13 – 08/01/13.

Invited talks

  • Monsoons, Megadroughts, and Migration: Paleo Perspectives from Southeast Asian Cave Records. Department of Marine and Coastal Sciences Seminar Series, Rutgers University. January 29, 2018.
  • Cave records from Indonesia: windows to past hydroclimate variability. State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology, China University of Geoscience. November 07, 2017.
  • Cave records from Southeast Asia: windows to past hydroclimate variability. Chemical Oceanography, Geology, Geochemistry, and Geobiology (COG3) Seminar Series, Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). March 24, 2017.
  • Griffiths, M.L., Drysdale, R., Kimbrough, K., Hua, Q., Johnson, K.R., Gagan, M.K., Cole, J.E., Cook, B.I., Zhao, J.-x., Hellstrom, J.C., and Hantoro, W.S., Indo-Pacific hydroclimate over the past millennium and links with global climate variability. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, California. December 12-16, 2016.
  • Cave records from Southeast Asia: windows to past hydroclimate variability. Montclair Sustainability Seminar Series, Department of Earth & Environmental Studies, Montclair State University. November 8, 2016.
  • Cave records from Southeast Asia: windows to past hydroclimate variability. Department of Geosciences Guest Lecture Series, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, November 4, 2016.
  • Australasian Monsoon Variability During the Common Era Inferred from Indo-Pacific Speleothem Records. PAGES2k-PMIP3 workshop: Comparing data and model estimates of hydroclimate variability and change over the Common Era. Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, June 1-3, 2016.
  • 13-C and 18-O (“clumped”) isotope reordering in shark tooth bioapatite: can this be a tool to constrain past seawater chemistry? William Paterson University Research and Scholarship Day, William Paterson University, Wayne NJ, April 21, 2016.
  • International Workshop to Explore Research Frontiers through US Engagement in the Lower Mekong Basin. United States Geological Survey’s Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, Maryland. Sep 25 – 26, 2015.
  • Griffiths, M.L., Kimbrough, A.K., Gagan, M.K., Drysdale, R.N., Cole, J.E., Johnson, K.R., Zhao., J.-x., Cook, B., Hellstrom, J.C., Hantoro, W.S. Tropical Pacific modulation of global climate variability over the past millennium. Climate Change: The Karst Record (VII), Melbourne, Australia. Sep 30 – Oct 02, 2014.
  • Windows to Past Climate Change: Reconstructing hydrologic variability in tropical Australasia through the Late Pleistocene using cave records, NOAA C&GC Summer Institute, Steamboat Springs, Colorado, July 13-18, 2014.
  • From the LGM to the Common Era: Tracking the Evolution of Tropical Western Pacific Hydroclimate from Indonesian Speleothems, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Biology and Paleoenvironment Seminar, Columbia University, April 5, 2013.
  • Griffiths, M.L., Gagan, M.K., Drysdale, R.N., Kimbrough, A., Johnson, K.R., Cole, J.E., Zhao, J.-x., Ayliffe, L.K., Hellstrom, J.H., Hantoro, W.S. Evidence for Shifts in Indo-Pacific Hydrology over the Last Two Millennia from Indonesian Speleothems. American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting, San Francisco, USA. December 3–7, 2012.
  • From the LGM to the Common Era: Tracking the Evolution of Indo-Pacific Hydrology from Indonesian Speleothems. Synthesis of Transient Climate Evolution of the last 21-kyr (SynTraCE-21) workshop, Providence, Rhode Island. November 4–7, 2012.