NCI Research

Current Research Interests

-How statistical information (e.g. variability, sample size, base rates, sampling method) affects people's judgments

-Dual process theory; understanding the interplay between intuitive and logical thinking

-Individual differences in thinking and reasoning

 

Publications

Obrecht, N.A. [1] & Chesney, D. L. (2016). Prompting deliberation increases base-rate use. Judgment & Decision Making, 11, 1-6.

Obrecht, N. A. 1 & Chesney, D. L. (2015). Support for a deliberative failure account of base rate neglect: Prompting deliberation increases base-rate use. In Noelle, D. C., Dale, R., Warlaumont, A. S., Yoshimi, J., Matlock, T., Jennings, C. D., & Maglio, P. P. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (1757-1762). Pasadena, CA: Cognitive Science Society.

Obrecht, N.A. [1] & Chesney, D. L. (2013). Sample representativeness affects whether judgments are influenced by base rate or sample size. Acta Psychologica, 142, 370-382.

Chesney, D. L. & Obrecht, N.A. [1] (2012). Statistical judgments are influenced by the implied likelihood that samples represent the same population. Memory & Cognition, 40, 420-433.

Obrecht, N. A. [1], Anderson, B, Schulkin, J., & Chapman, G. B. (2012). Retrospective frequency formats promote consistent experience-based Bayesian judgments. Applied Cognitive Psychology 26, 436-440.

Anderson, B.L., Obrecht, N.A., Chapman, G. B., Driscoll, D., & Schulkin J. (2011). Physicians' communication of Down syndrome screening test results: The influence of physician numeracy. Genetics in Medicine, 13, 744-749.

Chesney, D. L. & Obrecht, N.A. (2011).Adults are sensitive to variance when making likelihood judgments. In L. Carlson, C. Hölscher, & T. Shipley (Eds.),  Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (3134-3139). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Obrecht, N. A., Chapman, G. B., & Suárez, M. T. (2010). Laypeople do use sample variance: The effect of embedding data in a variance-implying story. Thinking & Reasoning, 16, 26-44.

Obrecht, N. A., Chapman, G. B., & Gelman, R. (2009). An encounter frequency account of how experience affects likelihood estimation. Memory & Cognition, 37, 632-643.

Obrecht, N. A., Chapman, G. B., & Gelman, R. (2007). Intuitive t-tests: Lay use of statistical information. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14, 1147-1152.

 

Student Presentations (* indicates WP student)

*Manzetti, N. & Obrecht, N. A. (2016). Dispositional empathy, altruism, and social networking site usage.  Poster presented at the New Jersey Social Media Summit and at Explorations 2016: Research, Scholarship and Creative Expression at William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ.

*Grella, M., *Mahida, M., Salim, R., Chesney, D. L., & Obrecht, N. A. (2016). An initial look at whether argument evaluation induces deliberation. Poster presented at  Explorations 2016: Research, Scholarship and Creative Expression at William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ.

*Al-Jayeh, E. & Obrecht, N. A. (2015). Comparing executive function in sequential and simultaneous bilinguals. Poster presented at the 2015 meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, NY.

*Cruz, K., *D’Argenio, L., & Obrecht, N. A. (2015). Gender and body language on perceived competence. Poster presented at the 2015 meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, NY.

*DiMeglio, S. & Obrecht, N. A. (2015). Type A personality predicts high workload and stress, but less procrastination. Poster presented at the 2015 meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, NY.

*Ginart, M. & Obrecht, N. A. (2015). Mastery-approach goals predict student expectations and achievement in mathematics. Poster presented at the 2015 meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, NY.

*Manzetti, N., *DiMeglio, *S., Link, A., *Oganesova, M., Holle, C., & Obrecht, N. A. (2015) An Impassioned State of Hunger and the Zero-Price Effect. Poster presented at the 2015 meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, NY.

*Vanderhoof, N. H. & Obrecht, N. A. (2015). Aggression in the Media and School Motivation Predict Aggression in Real Life. Poster presented at the 2015 meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, NY.

*Delos Santos, S., Learmonth, A. E., Obrecht, N. A. (2014). Musical experience and mathematical ability. Poster presented at the 2014 meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Boston, MA

*Sinisi, B. & Obrecht, N. A. (2013). Relationships among empathy, social anxiety, and self-consciousness. Poster presented at the 2013 WPUNJ University Research and Scholarship Day, Wayne, NJ.

*Mercedes, B. M., Obrecht, N. A., & Heinzen, T. E. (2013). Intergroup interaction, racism, and racial anxiety. Poster presented at the 2013 WPUNJ University Research and Scholarship Day, Wayne, NJ.

 


[1]Manuscript supported by a Summer Research Stipend awarded to N. Obrecht by the Research Center for the Humanities and Social Sciences at William Paterson University