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"Equipped with his five senses, man explores the universe around him and calls the adventure Science"
~Edwin Powell Hubble

What is biology?

Quite simply, biology is the science of life. Under the biology umbrella are life-related topics such as zoology, botany, genetics, biotechnology, evolution, structures of organisms, processes that organisms undergo to sustain life, reproduction, classification of organisms, and more. Biologists make observations about life, evaluate these observations, and solve problems. Through their studies, biologists use discoveries to aid in awareness of life, and find new ways to protect life against dangers. Graduates with bachelor's degrees in biology often start out as technicians in the field. With further education, it is possible to teach, become a doctor, or advance in an area of specialty.

The 33-39 credit Bachelor of Science in Biology program at William Paterson University is housed in the College of Science and Health. Aside from the required core courses, biology majors may choose to have a concentration in Biology, Ecology, or Physiology and Behavior. In addition to the courses in the major, students have 32 credits of co-requirements, including coursework in Physics, Chemistry, and Organic Chemistry, Calculus and Statistics. Core courses include General Biology, General Genetics, Ecology, Evolution & Behavior, and Biology Seminar.

To learn more about the degree requirements, please visit this link:

Admissions information on Biology is located here:

Interests and Skills

  • Curiosity and creativity
  • Numerical computation skills
  • Good communication skills
  • Analytical and quantitative skills
  • Being able to work both in a team and independently
  • Ability to organize large quantities of information
  • Technical skills
  • Ability to understand biological theories


Work Environment

People working within the field of biology have a number of options in terms of work environment. Biology professionals may choose to work in laboratories, as teachers in schools and universities (with certification in most schools), in a research facility, doing genetic counseling, in hospital and public health facilities, for food/chemical/pharmaceutical/cosmetic companies, in manufacturing companies, environmental agencies, botanical gardens, zoos and aquariums, museums, the Department of Agriculture and Interior, conservation agencies, veterinary hospitals, and more. Some job titles may require further education beyond a bachelor's degree.


Possible Job Titles

Animal Scientist
Aquaculture Farmer
Aquarium & Museum Worker
Aquatic Biologist
Barrier Beach Manager
Commercial Fishing Engineer
Dietician & Nutritionist
Environmental Engineer
Environmental Protection Worker Ergonomist
Fish Hatchery Technician
Food Scientist- Technologist
Genetic Engineering Research
Health Officer
Hospital Administrator
Hydrographic Survey Tech
Industrial Hygienist
Industrial Marine Economist
Marine Biologist
Marine Geologist
Medical Illustrator

Medical Laboratory Tech
Medical Librarian
Molecular Biologist
Naval Architect
Pharmacy Technician
Science Laboratory Technician
Technical Writer
Underwater Technician
Science/Biology Teacher
Physical Therapist
Public Health Worker
State Parks & Recreation worker
Wildlife Biologist
Pharmaceutical Salesperson
Science Writer/Illustrator
Soil Conservationist
Systems Analyst
Water Quality Technician
Wildlife Resources Worker

WPU Alumni

Laboratory Technologist Idexx Veterinary Services

Office Manager Rickard Rehabilitation Service

Scientist Roche Molecular Services

Middle & High School Teachers (many) local New Jersey districts

Business Associate Valley Hospital

Technical Sales Rep Genevac

Technician Mary Paul Laboratory

Health Advocate Americorps VISTA

Systems Engineer Comp USA

Lab Technician Unilever

Lab Assistant (Biomedical Implants) Collagen Matrix


Enhance Your Qualifications

Successful students tend to seek out opportunities to enhance their qualifications through a variety of means. Within biology, some suggestions may include getting involved in research initiatives outside class, conducting an independent study for credit, joining or becoming a leader in career-related campus organizations, such as the New Jersey Water Watch and Natural Sciences Club; joining a professional biology association; learning computer skills; reading scientific journals; gaining practical experience through an internship/practicum/job shadowing; looking into the possibility of graduate school; and attending networking functions.

Related Web Sites

Science Jobs

Biology Jobs

The American Institute of Biological Sciences

The Company of Biologists Ltd

Industry News

Occupational Outlook

Industry Information

Job Search and Salary information

Occupation Information

Other Sources of Information

Please drop by the Career Development and Advisement Center to learn more about careers in biology. The career library carries career-specific books and counselors are available to answer any further questions you may have. Visiting the Biology department on campus may also prove valuable in addressing questions.